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Extreme Heat Crisis: Pakistan Temperatures Soar Past 52°C in Record-Breaking Heatwave

Extreme Heat Crisis: Pakistan Temperatures Soar Past 52°C in Record-Breaking Heatwave

Extreme Heat Crisis: Pakistan Temperatures Soar Past 52°C in Record-Breaking Heatwave

Over the past month, Pakistan has been grappling with extreme temperatures, with the mercury soaring above 52 degrees Celsius (125.6 degrees Fahrenheit) in some regions. This intense heatwave, primarily affecting the southern province of Sindh, underscores the growing impact of human-driven climate change.

The Heatwave in Pakistan

In late May 2024, Pakistan’s southern province of Sindh experienced unprecedented temperatures. Mohenjo Daro, an ancient town known for its archaeological significance, recorded a staggering 52.2°C (126°F). This is the highest temperature recorded in the region this summer, approaching Pakistan’s all-time high of 54°C (129.2°F) recorded in Turbat, Balochistan, in 2017.

Historical Context of Heatwaves in Pakistan

Heatwaves are not new to Pakistan, but their frequency and intensity have been escalating. Historically, the country has faced severe temperatures, but the current trend suggests an alarming rise. Comparing past records with the recent heatwave highlights a significant increase in extreme weather events.

Impact on Daily Life

The blistering heat has had a profound effect on daily life in Sindh. Local businesses, particularly small shops and street vendors, are witnessing a sharp decline in foot traffic. Wajid Ali, a tea stall owner in Mohenjo Daro, lamented, “The customers are not coming to the restaurant because of extreme heat. I sit idle with these tables and chairs without any customers.”

Health Risks and Safety Concerns

Extreme heat poses serious health risks, especially for vulnerable groups such as the elderly, children, and those with pre-existing conditions. Common heat-related illnesses include heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Symptoms like dizziness, nausea, headaches, and high body temperatures need immediate attention to prevent severe outcomes.

Climate Change and Its Role

Scientists worldwide have linked the increasing severity of heatwaves to climate change. The consensus is that human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels, are contributing to higher global temperatures. A team of international scientists noted that the extreme temperatures in Asia, including Pakistan, are exacerbated by climate change.

Government Response and Measures

The Pakistani government has launched various initiatives to combat the heatwave’s effects. Awareness campaigns educate the public on staying safe during extreme heat. Rubina Khursheed Alam, the prime minister’s coordinator on climate, emphasized the importance of these measures in a recent news conference.

Local Adaptations and Survival Tactics

Residents of Sindh have developed ways to cope with the extreme heat. From taking multiple baths a day to staying indoors during peak heat hours, locals employ various strategies to stay cool. Traditional methods like wearing loose-fitting clothing and modern solutions such as using fans and air conditioners are widely practiced.

Economic Impact

The heatwave has significantly impacted the local economy. Businesses, especially those dependent on daily customers, are struggling. The agricultural sector also faces challenges as crops suffer from the intense heat, leading to reduced yields and economic strain.

Future Predictions and Preparedness

Meteorologists predict that the heatwave in Mohenjo Daro and surrounding areas will subside, but similar conditions are expected to recur. Preparing for future heatwaves involves improving infrastructure, promoting heat-resistant crops, and enhancing public awareness campaigns.

Case Study: Mohenjo Daro

Mohenjo Daro, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is facing dual challenges of preserving its ancient ruins while dealing with extreme heat. The town’s historical significance adds to the urgency of protecting it from the detrimental effects of climate change.

Global Perspective on Heatwaves

Pakistan’s heatwave is part of a broader global trend. Countries worldwide are experiencing similar extreme weather events, highlighting the urgent need for a coordinated international response to climate change. Comparing data from different regions can help develop better strategies to combat heatwaves.

Role of Renewable Energy in Mitigation

Renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, offer potential solutions to mitigate the effects of heatwaves. Pakistan is making strides in adopting renewable energy, which could play a crucial role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and combating climate change.

Community Efforts and NGO Involvement

Local communities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are pivotal in addressing the heatwave’s impact. Community-driven initiatives and NGO projects provide relief and raise awareness about climate change and its effects.


Pakistan’s recent heatwave serves as a stark reminder of the urgent need to address climate change. The soaring temperatures have disrupted daily life, strained the economy, and posed significant health risks. A collective effort from the government, communities, and international bodies is essential to mitigate the impact of future heatwaves.


What causes heatwaves?

Heatwaves are typically caused by prolonged periods of high atmospheric pressure, which traps heat in a particular region. Climate change is exacerbating these conditions, making heatwaves more frequent and intense.

How can individuals protect themselves during a heatwave?

Staying hydrated, avoiding outdoor activities during peak heat, wearing lightweight clothing, and using cooling methods like fans or air conditioners can help individuals stay safe during a heatwave.

What are the long-term effects of frequent heatwaves?

Frequent heatwaves can lead to long-term health issues, economic losses, and severe environmental impacts, including reduced agricultural productivity and increased strain on water resources.

How does climate change contribute to heatwaves?

Climate change leads to higher global temperatures, altering weather patterns and increasing the frequency and severity of heatwaves. Human activities, such as burning fossil fuels, are major contributors to climate change.

What can be done to mitigate the impact of heatwaves in Pakistan?

Mitigating heatwave impacts in Pakistan requires improving infrastructure, adopting renewable energy sources, enhancing public awareness campaigns, and implementing policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

References: Google News

Read more: Alitech Blog

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Zeeshan Ali Shah is a professional blog writer at AliTech Solutions, renowned for crafting engaging and informative content. He holds a degree from the University of Sindh, where he honed his expertise in technology. With a keen eye for detail and a passion for staying up-to-date on the latest tech trends, Zeeshan’s writing provides valuable insights to his readers. His expertise in the tech industry makes him a sought-after writer, and his work at AliTech Solutions has earned him a reputation as a trusted and knowledgeable voice in the field.

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